Figure 3: Modified single-armed suture LIVE technique. (a) The needles were sequentially placed outside-in (a1 and b1) through the mucosal layer of the vas deferens. (b) Two needles were placed longitudinally (a1 and b1) in parallel with each other on a single exposed epididymal tubule. (c) The needles were sequentially placed inside-out (a2 and b2) through the mucosal layer of the vas deferens. (d) The opening of the epididymal tubule was intussuscepted into the vasal lumen. LIVE: longitudinal intussusception vasoepididymostomy.