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Antibiotic usage in surgical sperm retrievals among IVF centers


1 IVFTA, Tam Anh General Hospital, Ho Chi Minh 700000, Vietnam
2 IVFTA, Tam Anh General Hospital, Ha Noi 100000, Vietnam
3 IVF Center, 16A Ha Dong Hospital, Ha Noi 100000, Vietnam
4 ANZAC Research Institute, University of Sydney and Concord Repatriation General Hospital, Hospital Road, Concord, NSW 2139, Australia

Correspondence Address:
Le Dang Khoa,
IVFTA, Tam Anh General Hospital, Ho Chi Minh 700000
Vietnam
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aja2021123

Surgical sperm retrieval (SSR) is currently one of the most common procedures in in vitro fertilization (IVF). However, a gap between the guidelines and routine clinical practice regarding antibiotic use in SSR, which might lead to antibiotic resistance, is a challenging problem worldwide. A cross-sectional survey was conducted from May 1, 2021, to July 15, 2021, to investigate antibiotic usage by medical professionals when performing SSR in IVF centers in Vietnam. The confidential questionnaire comprised 12 items, including characteristics of the study population, awareness of antimicrobial resistance, attitude toward prescribing antibiotics, and current practice of prescribing antibiotics when performing SSR. Surveys were completed by 30 of 45 registered IVF centers (66.7%). Among 67 physicians working at those centers, the age and work-experience years (mean ± standard deviation [s.d.]) were 38.6 ± 6.6 years and 11.2 ± 7.0 years, respectively. Over 60% of them held a degree in Obstetrics and Gynecology, and over four-fifths were men. Most respondents “often/very often/always” raised awareness of antimicrobial resistance to their patients (83.3%), but only half of them “often/occasionally” prescribed antibiotics to patients with SSR in cases where the prescription would be optional. About one-tenth of respondents followed the recommendation from the American Urological Association using “prophylaxis only” for SSR patients. For more invasive SSR, physicians tended to prescribe more complicated and sometimes inappropriate regimens. In conclusion, antibiotic usage in SSR was not always appropriate among IVF centers. Further studies may define specific recommendations for regimens, intervention strategies, and programs to promote appropriate antibiotic use for SSR patients among IVF specialists.


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    -  Khoa LD
    -  Trieu Vy ND
    -  Tai Loc NM
    -  Thang LD
    -  Anh DT
    -  Hieu NP
    -  Nhu GH
    -  Tao ND
    -  Hoang L
    -  Handelsman DJ
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