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Modulation of SIRT1 expression improves erectile function in aged rats


 Institute of Andrology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing 210000, China

Correspondence Address:
Zhi-Peng Xu,
Institute of Andrology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing 210000
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aja202199

Silent information regulator 2-related enzyme 1 (SIRT1) is an aging-related protein activated with aging. Herein, we evaluated the role of SIRT1 in aging-related erectile dysfunction. The expression of SIRT1 was modulated in aged Sprague-Dawley rats following intragastric administration of resveratrol (Res; 5 mg kg−1), niacinamide (NAM; 500 mg kg−1) or Res (5 mg kg−1) + tadalafil (Tad; phosphodiesterase-5 [PDE5] inhibitor; 5 mg kg−1) for 8 weeks. Then, we determined erectile function by the ratio of intracavernosal pressure (ICP)/mean systemic arterial pressure (MAP). Cavernosal tissues were extracted to evaluate histological changes, cell apoptosis, nitric oxide (NO)/cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), the superoxide dismutase (SOD)/3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) level, and the expression of SIRT1, p53, and forkhead box O3 (FOXO3a) using immunohistochemistry, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated 2'-deoxyuridine 5'-triphosphate (dUTP) nick-end labeling (TUNEL), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, and western blot analysis. Compared with the control, Res treatment significantly improved erectile function, reflected by an increased content of smooth muscle and endothelium, NO/cGMP and SOD activity, and reduced cell apoptosis and MDA levels. The effect of Res was improved by adding Tad. In addition, the protein expression of SIRT1 was increased in the Res group, accompanied by decreased p53 and FOXO3a levels. In addition, inhibition of SIRT1 by NAM treatment resulted in adverse results compared with Res treatment. SIRT1 activation ameliorated aging-related erectile dysfunction, supporting the potential of SIRT1 as a target for erectile dysfunction treatment.


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    -  Wang J
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